Truth and Trust part 2: spotting fake news

Oct 29, 2018, 1:55 PM
File photo of Hilary and Donald Clinton, taken during the second presidential debate on Oct. 9, 2016. (AP Photo/John Locher, File)
(AP Photo/John Locher, File)

SALT LAKE CITY — Last week, we told you about the rise of false information spread via social media. This week, we go to the experts to learn how to fact-check and verify what you see online – so you can tell what’s fake news and what’s real.

In part one of our series, “Truth and Trust,” University of Utah Professor Shannon McGregor explained that bots – automated advertising generators – and sometimes, real people are both generating all sorts of messages on all sides of the political issues. The FBI said the same bots produce messages for audiences on the right and the left, politically.

In part, McGregor says a lack of digital regulation makes it easier for fake news to spread. But there are ways to fact-check and verify.

“If it looks sort of ‘too good to be true’ in terms of, it matches up too well with what you would like to believe, do a double check on that,” she advises.

They work, she says, with volume.

“Tweeting local things that seem like local news, building up followers, building up trust, and then being able to be activated at any moment to sow misinformation,” she says.

She says sometimes the name of a publication will tell you that you’re getting spin – such as Conservative Tribune or Progressive Tribune. But other times, social media pages, posts, websites and advertisements are much more subtle. So, she says, start your research with a simple click.

“You can see it at the very bottom usually,” McGregor says. “It’s in grey, it’s little, but the actual URL of where a post is coming from,”

Fact-checking websites staffed by journalists and researchers are also helpful, even on local issues, to find out what’s trustworthy and truthful about issues, candidates or even advertisements. She recommends factcheck.org and politifact.org as two good resources that are also transparent about how they work.

“There’s an entire page on their website that delves into what they do to gauge all of this,” McGregor says.

KSL Digital Producer Matthew Jacobson has ways to tell if people Tweeting at him are actually bots, rather than people.

“[Things like] Posting from the same website over and over again, or retweeting the same website over again,” Jacobson says.

He recommends typing Twitter handles into Indiana University’s Botometer. We tried @realDonaldTrump, President Donald Trump’s Twitter handle. On the Botometer scale, the president was verified at 0.1 out of 5, meaning he checks out as a real person behind a real account, and not a bot.

Jacobson also trusts adfontesmedia.com, which charts media organizations and commentators, along with their newsgathering techniques, any regurgitation, and potential biases.

“NBC News is just barely to the left of the neutral line” on that site, Jacobson says. “The Wall Street Journal, which you’ll hear is this huge conservative newspaper, is actually just barely to the right.”

Jacobson is glad social media sites are deleting fake accounts, but he calls it only half the battle when it comes to fake news.

“The other half has to be waged by those of us who are not bots,” he says.

Facebook is continuing to combat misinformation online. The social media giant says it has removed 810 accounts and pages from its platform.

In a blog post, it says the deleted accounts have consistently broken their rules against spam and coordinated inauthentic behavior. It previously announced the removal of similar accounts in July and August. Facebook has now removed a total of 559 pages and 251 accounts.

Today’s Top Stories


The Deuel Creek Fire began late Sunday night in Centerville. Photo credit: John Wilson....
Devin Oldroyd

Deuel Creek Fire starts in Centerville overnight, evacuation order lifted

The Deuel Creek Fire began late Sunday night in Centerville.
8 hours ago
Tooele City announced its firework restrictions Sunday evening. Photo Credit: Tooele City's Faceboo...
Devin Oldroyd

Tooele City releases fireworks restrictions map

Tooele City announced its firework restrictions Sunday evening.
1 day ago
Photo credit: UDOT...
Devin Oldroyd

Semi-truck rolls on I-80 at U.S.-40, Silver Creek Junction

What caused the semi-truck to roll is still under investigation at this time. All lanes in the area have been cleared and are operational.
1 day ago
Image from the scene of the shooting on South Major street in Salt Lake City (Photo courtesy of SLC...
Chandler Holt

UPDATE: SLCPD investigating party shooting that left one in critical condition

Police received multiple calls regarding shots fired near 1485 South Major Street at around 5:30 a.m. on Sunday July 3, 2022. 
1 day ago
The scene of the shooting at 900 S. 200 West (Photo courtesy of Adam Sotelo)...
Chandler Holt

UPDATE: Shooting on TRAX platform leaves one dead, one injured

Police responded to reports of shots fired on a TRAX platform near 900 South and 200 West at around 10 p.m. on Saturday night.
1 day ago
Man dies at flight show during his performance in shockwave jet truck....
Waverly Golden

Man dies during performance at Battle Creek Field of Flight Air Show

Battle Creek Police Department, Federal Aviation Administration Officials, and the fire department are still investigating the accident. 
2 days ago

Sponsored Articles

Tax Harassment...
Jordan Wilcox

The best strategies for dealing with IRS tax harassment | You have options!

Learn how to deal with IRS tax harassment. This guide will teach you how to stop IRS phone calls and letters, and how to handle an IRS audit.
spend a day at Bear Lake...
Bear Lake Convention and Visitors Bureau

You’ll love spending the day at Bear Lake | How to spend a day at Bear Lake

Bear Lake is a place that needs to be experienced. Spend a day at Bear Lake.
Curb Appeal...
Price's Guaranteed Doors

How to have the best of both worlds for your house | Home security and curb appeal

Protect your home and improve its curb appeal with the latest security solutions like beautiful garage doors and increased security systems.
Prescription opioids can be disposed of during National Prescription Take Back Day...
Know Your Script

Prescription opioid misuse | How to protect your family from the opioid epidemic

Studies have shown that prescription opioid misuse has increased since COVID-19. So what do you need to know about these opioids?
national heart month...
Intermountain Healthcare

National Heart Month: 5 Lifestyle Changes to Make Today to Keep You Heart Healthy

Heart disease is the leading cause of death for both men and women. One person dies every 36 seconds in the United States from cardiovascular disease
Joseph Smith Memorial Building...
Temple Square

The Joseph Smith Memorial Building is an icon of Salt Lake City | Why hosting an event at this beautiful location will make you a hero this year

Here's why hosting an event at the iconic Joseph Smith Memorial Building in downtown Salt Lake City will make you a hero this year.
Truth and Trust part 2: spotting fake news