HEALTH

America’s biggest restaurant chains scored on their antibiotic use

Oct 31, 2019, 7:07 AM
In this photo illustration a lady eats a beefburger on July 12, 2007 in London, England. Government...
In this photo illustration a lady eats a beefburger on July 12, 2007 in London, England. Government advisors are considering plans for a fat tax on foods high in fat to try to help tackle the fight against obesity.

(CNN) — Many of our favorite fast food and restaurant chains continue to contribute to the growing threat of antibiotic resistance, according to a report released Thursday by advocacy groups.

The World Health Organization calls the development of bacteria that can’t be killed by some of our current medicines “one of the biggest threats to global health, food security, and development today.”

Fifteen of America’s favorites received an “F” for their lack of action in reducing the use of beef raised with antibiotics, including Burger King, DQ, Jack In the Box, Pizza Hut, Olive Garden, Chili’s, Sonic, Applebee’s and the pizza chains of Domino’s, Little Caesars and Pizza Hut.

The restaurants below are graded for their approach to responsible antibiotic use in beef supplies.
**Credit: Chain Reaction V Survey & Scorecard**

Only Chipotle and Panera Bread, who were early leaders in using only antibiotic-free beef and chicken, received an “A.”

This is the fifth year that six public interest groups have graded the 25 largest US fast food chains on where they stand on antibiotics. The report, called Chain Reaction V, focuses on antibiotic use in both poultry and beef food items.

Antibiotics are routinely given to animals to keep them healthy while they fatten up for slaughter. In fact, nearly two-thirds of the medically important antibiotics sold in the US go to food animals.

When antibiotics are overused, some bacteria learn to survive, multiply, and share their resistance genes with other bacteria even if those have not been exposed. Those so-called “superbugs” enter our system when we eat undercooked meat or veggies that have been exposed to irrigation water contaminated with animal waste.

And suddenly, antibiotics that once cured our infections no longer do their job.

Despite the severity of the problem, the US lacks appropriate laws to regulate overuse of antibiotics in our food chain. Thus advocacy groups have turned to some of the largest buyers of raw beef and chicken — restaurants — and asked them to use their purchasing power to force change.

Fewer antibiotics in chicken we eat

And it works. A huge success story over the past five years is the reduction of chicken raised with antibiotics in many of our favorite restaurants, said Lena Brook, director of food campaigns for the Natural Resources Defense Council, one of the groups who sponsor the study. Others include Consumer Reports, the Milken Institute School for Public Health and the Center for Food Safety.

According to the report, 90% of the chickens raised last year received no medically important antibiotics. Compare that to 2014, when “nearly half of the nine billion broiler chickens produced in the US annually were raised on a full array of antibiotics, including medically important drugs,” the report stated.

For consumers, that means antibiotic-free chicken is served in 13 of the 25 restaurants included in the study, including such heavy hitters as Chick-fil-A, KFC, McDonald’s, Burger King, and Wendy’s.

Four more restaurants are on their way to keeping their commitment to serve antibiotic-free chicken. However, eight restaurants still have no policy in place.

The early push by Chipotle Mexican Grill and Panera Bread, followed by Chick-fil-A, McDonald’s and Subway, began a domino effect that encouraged major chicken supply companies to get on board, the report said.

“In spring of 2015 Purdue and then Tyson made a really big splash when they committed to limiting antibiotic use in their chicken suppliers and they’re two of the five largest chicken companies in the country,” Brook said. “So now we’re looking for that kind of shift in the beef industry.”

High use of antibiotics in beef

It’s only the second year that the report has focused on beef, but some progress has been made. As in past years, the only two As were awarded to Chipotle Mexican Grill and Panera Bread.

The two chains have consistently stood above the rest by making sure that the beef, poultry and pork used in their foods are raised without antibiotics.

Despite their success with chicken, most of the top burger chains and restaurants, such as Burger King, DQ and Jack in the Box, failed to take any action to reduce the use of beef raised on antibiotics in their supply chains. Others didn’t respond to the survey at all, just like last year.

Subway and McDonald’s received a “C” for making a commitment to begin the process of using antibiotic-free beef in their food items.

Having a major player like McDonald’s announcing they plan to create a comprehensive antibiotic use reduction policy is a “gamechanger,” the report said.

“They’re one of the largest beef buyers in the world,” Brook said. “So if they do this right, they’re going to have a critical impact not only in the United States, but in lots of places around the world in reforming antibiotic use practices.”

McDonald’s is in the pilot phase of their commitment, Brook said, with plans to announce reduction targets by the end of 2020. The promise to act jumped their score from an “F” to a “C.”

Taco Bell, another big buyer of beef, said it would cut 25% of medically important antibiotics in their beef supply chain by 2025. That underwhelming commitment got them a “D” for minimal effort.

“We would love to see such a modest commitment be implemented faster,” Brook said. “Six years feels like a long time to wait for a mere 25% reduction.”

Wendy’s received a “D+” for a confusing promise to act that didn’t really accomplish much, Brook said.

“They’re cutting one drug by 20% in less than a third of their beef supply. This is taking token steps to address the problem,” Brook said. “We’re really worried that Wendy’s is greenwashing, or giving lip service to an environmental action so their company looks better.

“The fact remains other companies are figuring it out,” she added. “So we know it’s doable, and given the gravity of the threat posed by the antibiotic resistance crisis, there really is no excuse for inaction.”

CNN reached out to all of the restaurants mentioned in the report. Subway said it had no comment at this time. Domino’s Pizza sent a statement saying they believed in letting farmers and ranchers raise the animals, although “they do have a number of internal policies that we don’t currently post publicly; nor do we engage in unsolicited surveys.”

Panda Express told CNN they had added two menu items using antibiotic-free chicken and were working to add more such individual items to their menu.

Dine Brands, which owns Applebee’s and IHOP, said that “in 2018 we made significant strides in reducing the routine use of medically important antibiotics in both poultry and pork and began work to address our beef supply in 2019 … unfortunately, Chain Reaction’s questionnaire timing precluded us from reporting this work.”

In a statement supplied to CNN, Keith Kenny, global vice president of McDonald’s Sustainability, said: “Through our latest commitment, we are proud to work with our beef supply chain around the world to accelerate the responsible use of antibiotics, while continuing to look after the health and welfare of the animals in our supply chain.”

None of the other restaurants responded before the publication of this story.

The-CNN-Wire
™ & © 2019 Cable News Network, Inc., a WarnerMedia Company. All rights reserved.

Today’s Top Stories

Health

Rabies in bats....
Waverly Golden

Utah health officials confirm three cases of rabies in bats

Three cases of rabies in bats have been confirmed in Utah. In each case, pets or humans were exposed and received treatment.
5 days ago
A Rite Aid logo is displayed on its store...
HALELUYA HADERO, AP Reporter

Amazon, Rite Aid cap purchase of emergency contraceptives

Retailers limiting purchases is standard practice that helps retailers prevent stockpiling and reselling at higher prices.
5 days ago
CDC reports monkeypox cases....
Waverly Golden

CDC confirms five monkeypox cases in Utah

SALT LAKE CITY — The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, CDC, confirmed a total of five monkeypox cases in Utah Wednesday morning. According to the Utah Department of Health, four of the cases are located in Salt Lake County and one in Utah County. On Tuesday, the total number of cases statewide was […]
6 days ago
A crowd gathers in front of the Utah State Capitol on Friday, June 24, 2022, to protest the U.S. Su...
Becky Bruce

Different abortion law now in effect in Utah

A different abortion law is now in effect in Utah, and it bans abortions after 18 weeks of pregnancy. However, there are several exceptions to this law.
7 days ago
Rising temperatures across the country are putting the homeless at risk of heat-related death. Many...
Waverly Golden, Aimee Cobabe

Heat waves bring concerns for heat-related illnesses and the homeless population

Record-breaking heat waves have caused an abundance of heat-related deaths among the homeless.
7 days ago
IV bags hang in a room. Intermountain healthcare conducted a study on IV fluid....
Samantha Herrera

Intermountain Healthcare study finds “better” IV fluid treatment

Researchers with Intermountain Healthcare conducted a 15-month-long study to learn the effects of using an alternative IV fluid for patients.
7 days ago

Sponsored Articles

Tax Harassment...
Jordan Wilcox

The best strategies for dealing with IRS tax harassment | You have options!

Learn how to deal with IRS tax harassment. This guide will teach you how to stop IRS phone calls and letters, and how to handle an IRS audit.
spend a day at Bear Lake...
Bear Lake Convention and Visitors Bureau

You’ll love spending the day at Bear Lake | How to spend a day at Bear Lake

Bear Lake is a place that needs to be experienced. Spend a day at Bear Lake.
Curb Appeal...
Price's Guaranteed Doors

How to have the best of both worlds for your house | Home security and curb appeal

Protect your home and improve its curb appeal with the latest security solutions like beautiful garage doors and increased security systems.
Prescription opioids can be disposed of during National Prescription Take Back Day...
Know Your Script

Prescription opioid misuse | How to protect your family from the opioid epidemic

Studies have shown that prescription opioid misuse has increased since COVID-19. So what do you need to know about these opioids?
national heart month...
Intermountain Healthcare

National Heart Month: 5 Lifestyle Changes to Make Today to Keep You Heart Healthy

Heart disease is the leading cause of death for both men and women. One person dies every 36 seconds in the United States from cardiovascular disease
Joseph Smith Memorial Building...
Temple Square

The Joseph Smith Memorial Building is an icon of Salt Lake City | Why hosting an event at this beautiful location will make you a hero this year

Here's why hosting an event at the iconic Joseph Smith Memorial Building in downtown Salt Lake City will make you a hero this year.
America’s biggest restaurant chains scored on their antibiotic use