Types of radio stories

Training document for KSL NewsRadio employees....
Training document for KSL NewsRadio employees. (Kira Hoffelmeyer/KSL NewsRadio)
(Kira Hoffelmeyer/KSL NewsRadio)

Reader (RDR)

Alternative names: copy, host copy, national reader (NRDR)

Definition: A news script written by a reporter but read by the program host, usually during a newscast. 

Total run time: 15-20 seconds

Example: Democrat Darlene McDonald announced she’s challenging Republican Congressman Burgess Owens for his seat in congress. McDonald is an author and activist. She founded One Utah Project, a non-profit aimed at increasing civic engagement. She previously ran for the Salt Lake County Council and Utah’s 4th District. Both campaigns were unsuccessful.

Money news (MXX)

Alternative names: money

Definition: A reader (RDR) on a money/business news topic

Total run time: 15-20 seconds

Example: Two companies say they’ve now resolved major outages that impacted thousands of customers today. Slack, which provides a workplace messaging platform, and fitness company Peleton both experienced outages that nixed messages.. meetings… and in Peloton’s case, some fitness classes. Neither company is talking about what caused those service problems.

Top Story (TOP, TOP STORY)

Alternative names: Top tease (TOP TEASE, TOP TEAZ)

Definition: A reporter story in two sentences. A voiced story that teases a reporter package, voiced by the reporter doing that story.

Total run time: 10-12 seconds

Example (audio attached, covid test pause top aco)

VERBATIM: The Utah Department of Health is pausing the use of rapid covid tests at state-run sites. They’re concerned the brand of rapid tests they’ve been using are giving a high number of false-negative results. I’m KSL Newsradio’s Aimee Cobabe.

Act (ACT)

Alternative names: Cut (CUT)

Definition: Short excerpt of a recorded interview, normally typically 8 – 20 seconds, with into copy and anchor tag.

Total run time: 30-40 seconds, soundbite length 8-20 seconds

Example (audio attached, UT CENSURE REAX CUT 1): 

Utah’s Republican Party chair is defending the GOP’s decision to censure two members of Congress from their own party. Carsen Jorgensen tells Inside Sources the move to censure Congresswoman Liz Cheney and Congressman Adam Kinzinger…was not just about their disagreements with former President Trump.

 The party voted today…at a meeting right here in Salt Lake.

BRIEF (BRIEF, B)

Alternative names: Debrief (DB)

Definition: A reporter story with an anchor lead and tag. Typically 18-22 seconds of recorded voice. 

Total run time: 30-40 seconds, reporter audio length 15-25 seconds

Example (audio attached, TEACHER LAWSUIT DB KHO):

The part of a bill that would have allowed parents to sue teachers if they were teaching something they didn’t like… is getting an update

KSL Newsradio’s Kira Hoffelmeyer has the story.

The bill… still sits in the Senate Education Committee.

[VERBATIM: That part of the bill… won’t stick. Senator Johnson says he’s taking it out… after getting a lot of pushback… about how there would be a slew of unnecessary lawsuits. The Senator… represents parts of Morgan, Weber, and Summit Counties. The Utah Education Association came out strong against the bill… saying it was one of a series of “continued attacks” on public educations this legislative session.]

WRAP (WRAP)

Alternative names: Wraparound

Definition: A news script written and read by a reporter that includes an actuality (or two). The reporter’s voice comes before and after the act, “wrapping around” it. Ends on an SOQ/SOC.

Total run time: 45-50 seconds max. Reporter audio length no more than 35 seconds, unless your producer gives you the green light.

Example (audio attached, WASTEWATER WRAP MHA):

Utah has been tracking COVID-19 in wastewater for a while… but now it can be compared directly with other states. KSL News Radio‘s Martha Harris reports.

[VERBATIM: The C-D-C is turning to sewage to get a better picture of COVID-19 nationwide.  Researchers say wastewater data doesn’t rely on access to testing or if people have symptoms. CUT That was Program Lead the C-D-Cs National Wastewater Surveillance System, Dr. Amy Kirby. She says this data provides an early warning if cases are getting high in a community. CUT Kirby says one benefit of this national system is the data is now more comparable between states. Wastewater data isn’t perfect, but she says it can be very helpful when paired with other types of data. Martha Harris, KSL News Radio.]

VOICER (VCR, V)

Alternative names: n/a

Definition:A news script written and read by a reporter that DOES NOT include an actuality, but still ends on an SOQ/SOC.

Total run time: 35-45 seconds, reporter audio length no more than 30 seconds.

Example (audio attached, FOOD PANTRY VOICER- JRU):
Utah Community Action will be closing down two of its food pantries… after clashing with the Utah Food Bank over policy… KSL News Radio’s Jacob Rueda has more.

[VERBATIM: The food pantries in West Valley City and Midvale… will close at the end of this month… after The Utah Food Bank and Utah Community Action… differed on policy regarding information collected from clients… food bank CEO Ginette Bott… tells the salt lake tribune… they require pantries they supply to ask for basic information like a client’s name and number of people to feed in the household… but Utah Community Action CEO Jennifer Godfrey says… her group receives federal grant money… which requires them to ask for additional information… Bott says collecting that additional information jeopardizes their ability to supply those pantries and help people out… Jacob Rueda… KSL News Radio]

Let’s talk about a “reporter package” 

If you’ve been assigned a story, you’re expected to turn a top story tease, a wrap, debrief, and two cuts. Work with your producer if you’re having trouble with audio (then you’d turn a top story tease, voicer, debrief). 

IN-DEPTH

Alternative names: Long-form

Definition: Long-form audio that could be a live interview with a source, reporter, etc.; a series of cuts and copies; a long-form wrap. 

Total run time: For a :15 in-depth, 90 seconds (1.5 minutes). For a :45 in-depth, 150 seconds (2.5 minutes)

Examples: 

What in the world is the “Garrity Bill”?

One man says he saw two Blackhawk helicopters crash into each other

A rock squirrel at zion national park, they are the focus of fat squirrel week...
Becky Bruce and Samantha Herrera

Zion National Park announces Fat Squirrel Week… it might not be what you think

Fat Squirrel Week at Zion National Park aims to bring awareness about not feeding the local critters. The park says to pack out what you pack in.
10 hours ago
President Biden Delivers Remarks On Reducing Gun Crime...
Kaitlan Collins, Sam Fossum and Paul LeBlanc, CNN

Biden offers stark ‘Armageddon’ warning on the dangers of Putin’s nuclear threats

On Thursday, President Biden issued an Armageddon warning of Russia's continued threat to use nuclear weapons.
10 hours ago
A Now Hiring sign hangs in the window of Zupas in Salt Lake City on Wednesday, July 20, 2022. (Ben ...
PAUL WISEMAN AP Economics Writer

US hiring stayed solid in September as employers add 263,000

Some economists remain hopeful that despite the persistent inflation pressures, the Fed will still manage to achieve a so-called soft landing: Slowing growth enough to tame inflation, without going so far as to tip the economy into recession.
10 hours ago
People gather outside of a daycare center's scene of a mass shooting in the town of Uthai Sawan, 50...
Kocha Olarn, Hannah Ritchie and Heather Chen, CNN

Dozens of children among at least 36 people killed in childcare center massacre in Thailand

Children were among those killed in a shooting at childcare center in Thailand on Thursday. At least 36 people were killed.
10 hours ago
Dozens of people stage a demonstration to protest the death of a 22-year-old woman under custody in...
Oliver Darcy, CNN Business

A young woman’s death in Iran has sparked an uprising. News organizations are grappling with how to cover it

News organizations in the West are grappling with how to cover the uprisings in Iran over the death of a 22-year-old woman.
10 hours ago
Nichole Thomas, Pioneer Park Coalition member and Latter-day Brides owner, speaks during a Pioneer ...
Mark Jones

Pioneer Park Coalition announces plan to combat crime, homelessness

On Thursday, the Pioneer Park Coalition announced a three-pronged plan to combat homelessness and crime in Salt Lake City.
1 day ago

Sponsored Articles

Young woman receiving laser treatment...
Form Derm Spa

How facial plastic surgery and skincare are joining forces

Facial plastic surgery is not only about looking good but about feeling good too. The medical team at Form Spa are trained to help you reach your aesthetic outcomes through surgery and through skincare and dermatology, too.
large group of friends tohether in a park having fun...
BYU MBA at the Marriott School of Business

What differentiates BYU’s MBA program from other MBA programs

Commitment to service is at the heart of BYU’s MBA program, which makes it stand out among other MBA programs across the country.
a worker with a drill in an orange helmet installs a door in the house...
Price's Guaranteed Doors

Home improvement tip: Increase the value of your home by weatherproofing doors

Make sure your home is comfortable before the winter! Seasonal maintenance keeps your home up to date. Read our tips on weatherproofing doors.
Curb Appeal...
Price's Guaranteed Doors

How to have the best of both worlds for your house | Home security and curb appeal

Protect your home and improve its curb appeal with the latest security solutions like beautiful garage doors and increased security systems.
A paper reading IRS, internal revenue service is pictured...
Jordan Wilcox

The best strategies for dealing with IRS tax harassment | You have options!

Learn how to deal with IRS tax harassment. This guide will teach you how to stop IRS phone calls and letters, and how to handle an IRS audit.
spend a day at Bear Lake...
Bear Lake Convention and Visitors Bureau

You’ll love spending the day at Bear Lake | How to spend a day at Bear Lake

Bear Lake is a place that needs to be experienced. Spend a day at Bear Lake.
Types of radio stories